The results of this study have been published in Nano Energy.
Piezoelectric fiber can produce electrical energy through the piezoelectric effect of the material and drive wearable electronic devices through the wearer's movement. However, most of the piezoelectric fibers developed so far are made of nanofibers, meaning that it is difficult to control the shape of the fibers and that the fibers are weak, thus hindering their commercialization. In addition, there are very few studies on the relationship between the shape of the fiber material and the piezoelectric performance.
A research team led by Lim Sang-kyoo, senior researcher of the Division of Energy Technology, produced PVDF (Polyvinylidene fluoride) fiber that contains barium titanate in a nano stick form by taking the shape of flowers and stems (daffodils, radish blossoms, papyrus stems, and sedge stems) using melt spinning technology and controlling their cross-sectional shapes uniformly.
The team confirmed that it improved the piezoelectric performance by increasing the surface area of the fiber while simultaneously increasing the crystallinity of the fiber, which is advantageous for generating electricity.
The team also confirmed the correlation between the specific surface area and the piezoelectric effect according to the shape of the fiber using a high-speed camera. The piezoceramic PVDF composite fiber generates an electrical signal according to the deformation by an external force.
PVDF fibers containing barium titanate nanostructures in different shapes (spherical and stick shapes) were produced to investigate the difference in piezoelectric performance depending on the shape of piezoelectric ceramics.
The team confirmed that it maximizes the dielectric polarization and improves the piezoelectric performance favorable to the arrangement.
Senior Researcher Lim Sang-kyoo said, “It is expected that high-performance fiber-type energy harvesting materials with enhanced fiber strength can be commercialized through this research in the future.”
When it comes to low power needs in remote areas or in mobility and other applications, piezoelectric could be quite the saver in the costs to generate a little remote power. With a little low cost, long-lived storage, a lot of opportunities could result across the planet for all income levels.