Future Energy

19 Jan 2023

Royal Visit Marks Bid to Develop World’s Largest Tidal Turbine Blades

19 Jan 2023  by   

A project aiming to maximise tidal energy generation has been launched in the presence of The Princess Royal at the University of Edinburgh’s FastBlade facility in Scotland.

The Princess Royal, who is also Chancellor of the University, visited on 17 January 2023 to meet colleagues from the testing facility and partners of the new MAXBlade project.

The €10 million project – funded by the EU and UK Research and Innovation – aims to deliver a range of innovations to improve the performance of tidal turbines and reduce costs.

Blade manufacture

It will investigate the full lifecycle of tidal turbine blades, from materials, manufacture and operation, to decommissioning and recyclability. The project’s long-term aim is to ensure the European composite sector becomes the international leader in tidal blade manufacture.

The project plans to increase the area harnessed by Scottish tidal technology company Orbital Marine Power to generate power – known as the rotor swept area – by 70%, to more than 1000 m2.

MAXBlade will increase the length of the turbine blades from 10 to 13 m – making them the longest of their kind in the world. The team says that boosting blade length will have the single greatest impact on reducing the cost of tidal energy.

Modelling by the university’s Institute of Energy Systems estimates £40 billion could be generated for the UK economy by harnessing wave and tidal energy.

Collaborative project

The project, supported by the university’s commercialisation service, Edinburgh Innovations, will involve a two-year design and development phase, followed by an 18-month build.

During the build, the blades will undergo advanced structural testing at the FastBlade facility, a partnership between the University of Edinburgh and Babcock, based at the Arrol Gibb Innovation Campus at Babcock’s Rosyth facilities in Fife.

The technology will then undergo two years of real-world testing at the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) in Orkney. Two of Orbital Marine Power’s O2 floating platforms – the world’s most powerful tidal turbines – will each be fitted with four of the newly developed blades.

The team aims to generate 120 000 hrs of performance data that will be assessed by EMEC and project partner TECNALIA, a research and technological development centre.

“As the first large scale project for FastBlade, MAXBlade is an example of the capability generated when we combine cutting-edge university research with industry. Edinburgh Innovations is proud to have supported our academics and helped build and develop this partnership project, which can now help the world meet its sustainable energy challenge, said Dr George Baxter, CEO of Edinburgh Innovations.

Turbine technology

Innovations from MAXBlade will be integrated with findings from its sister project, FORWARD2030, to enable large scale production of Orbital’s O2 turbine technology. This will pave the way to the tidal energy sector making significant contributions towards Europe’s energy systems, energy security and industrial development by 2030 and beyond to 2050, the team says.

“Orbital is delighted to be involved with so many great partners on this truly cutting-edge project. MAXBlade will help deliver tidal energy into a future, low-carbon energy mix at lower costs while, at the same time, position UK and European businesses to benefit from long-term industrial opportunities that will come from this new, sustainable industry,” added Andrew Scott, CEO of Orbital Marine Power.

“The University of Edinburgh is delighted to be a partner in the MAXBlade project, where we will demonstrate the unique rapid testing capability of the FastBlade facility. This will help the tidal energy industry to de-risk their ongoing turbine developments and provide low-cost, reliable renewable energy to the grid. We will also lead the development of thermoplastic resins in MAXBlade and the circular economy roadmap needed for future tidal blade manufacturing and recycling,” concluded Professor Conchúr Ó Brádaigh, Head of School and Chair of Materials Engineering, University of Edinburgh.

MAXBlade is led by TechnipFMC and includes Orbital Marine Power, Marasoft, TECNALIA, University of Edinburgh, EMEC, Laborelec, and European Composites Industry Association.

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