Ultra Safe Nuclear Corporation (USNC) has licensed a novel method to 3D print components for nuclear reactors, developed by the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), which the Seattle-based company says is ideal for manufacturing components for its advanced nuclear reactor designs.
The ORNL-developed process prints refractive materials – materials that are highly resistant to extreme heat and degradation – using binder jet printing as the additive manufacturing technique, combined with a ceramic production process called chemical vapour infiltration.
UNSC’s refractory material of choice for nuclear reactor core components is silicon carbide – which is resistant to high temperatures and is radiation tolerant, but is extremely time-intensive and expensive to machine into reactor parts with complex shapes. The new technology will allow USNC to make such components more efficiently.
Kurt Terrani, USNC executive vice president: “This technology is ideal for manufacturing structure and core components for USNC’s advanced reactor designs. This is the holy grail of additive, that you can do things faster, that are in geometries that were previously very difficult or impossible with conventional manufacturing methods.”
Terrani is formerly technical director of ORNL’s Transformational Challenge Reactor (TCR) programme, launched in 2019 with the aim of designing, manufacturing and operating a demonstration additively manufactured microreactor by 2023. The programme has since joined with two further initiatives to address the whole lifecycle of nuclear materials and related technologies.
Scaling up production of speciality components for nuclear and industrial applications
Jeremy Busby, ORNL’s Nuclear Energy and Fuel Cycle division director: “It’s rewarding to see the transition from basic concept to a more mature technology that is actively being developed and deployed by our industry partners.”
USNC plans to locate a new Pilot Fuel Manufacturing, or PFM, facility at the East Tennessee Technology Park in Oak Ridge, to take advantage of proximity to ORNL’s expertise while scaling up production of speciality components for nuclear and industrial applications.
Francesco Venneri, USNC CEO: “Proximity to the lab and its world-class scientists and facilities allow us easy access to expertise in reactor core technologies and additive manufacturing, as well as the latest in radiation, fuels and materials research, all of which benefit USNC’s commitment to bring safe, reliable and secure nuclear energy to world markets.” USNC and ORNL also signed a Memorandum of Understanding in September 2021 on advanced nuclear fuel and reactor development activities.
USNC’s Micro Modular Reactor (MMR) – a 15MW thermal, 5MW electrical high-temperature gas-cooled reactor – is currently undergoing licensing in Canada and the US.
Global First Power plans to build and operate an MMR unit at Chalk River Laboratories in Canada by 2026, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has informed the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission that it intends to construct an MMR on its campus.