Trump’s proposed changes to the regulations under the National Environmental Policy Act, a law intended to protect the environment, would no longer require that federal agencies consider the effects of climate change before approving major energy and infrastructure projects across the country.
That would apply to federally funded pipeline projects on land as well as drilling efforts in U.S.-administered waters.
One official confirmed that the updated procedure “would affect offshore drilling” as well as all other government-funded projects.
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“Under the proposed rule, for any category of activity or project that requires a federal permit or other approval, the NEPA process will be more predictable and timely,” said a second official with the Council on Environmental Quality.
“When an environmental impact statement is required, there will be a presumptive 2-year time limit, and increased coordination between agencies,” the official added.
The new regulation specifically gets rid of a tiered system that accounts for direct, indirect and cumulative environmental effects of a project, settling on a single standard – “reasonably foreseeable impact” – that neither excludes nor requires the consideration of greenhouse gases.
Trump’s changes to NEPA are expected to be posted to the federal register on Friday, opening a 60-day review period before the regulation is finalized.
At that point, it is certain to run into lawsuits that could take years to settle in court.
“I suppose it’s more predictable if the regulations go through. Frankly it’s less predictable now given the legal challenges this is likely to spawn,” said Thaddeus Lightfoot, an expert on environmental law and former trial attorney with the environment division at the Justice Department.
“This would change environmental review for major federal actions of all kinds,” he said. “The suggestion that somehow you can remove greenhouse gas emission impacts on cumulative impact analysis under NEPA really flies in the face of the case law on this act.”
Trump administration officials justified the decision by characterizing past regulatory hurdles – designed to ensure that the effects of climate change are mitigated in future infrastructure projects – as overly cumbersome.
Outlining the new policy flanked by local officials and workers in hard hats at the White House on Thursday, Trump said that his goal is “fixing this regulatory nightmare.”
“We’re going to have very strong regulation, but it’s going to go very quickly,” Trump said. “America is a nation of builders.”