New Energy Vehicles

23 Mar 2023

UK recognised as one of Europe's top countries for Electric Vehicles

23 Mar 2023  by Cornwall Insight   

The UK has been ranked the 5th most attractive European country for Electric Vehicle (EV) market potential, according to the Electric Vehicle Country Attractiveness (EVCA) Index. The new Index developed by Cornwall Insight and law firm Shoosmiths identifies a range of factors1 from purchase subsidies to national EV charging targets which can accurately rank European nations on their EV market appeal, with Norway clinching the top spot.

The transition to e-mobility has been a mixed bag amongst nations in the EVCA index, with some being enthusiastic supporters and others having been more hesitant. With most European nations, including the UK, imposing a ban on the sale of new petrol and diesel passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (vans) by at least 2035, it was positive that many nations saw an increase in EV uptake in 2022, with the EV market expected to become more established across Europe.

Norway has been a leader in EV adoption due to subsidies, tax cuts, and a large-scale charging network. Other countries are following suit, with EV market share largely ranging from 10-20% across the index. Year-on-year growth is also an important indicator, with Ireland, Belgium, and Poland emerging as top performers with growth rates of over 50% compared to 2021, Ireland sits at an impressive 81.3%.

Figure 1: EV Country Attractiveness index scores and rankings:

Source: Cornwall Insight

Jamie Maule, Research Analyst at Cornwall Insight, said:

“The results of the Electric Vehicle Country Attractiveness Index may not come as a surprise, after all Norway is well known for its EV success, however it is, the promise for the future across Europe which is the most encouraging. Although the countries leading the Index, including the UK, had an early advantage in implementing EV incentives, a larger market share is not the only indicator of success. Even countries currently lower in the rankings are showing promising year-on-year advancements, indicating a shift in interest towards the EV market.

“As the Index evolves, it will be interesting to see how countries move up the ranks through the implementation of new policies, targets, subsidies, and investment incentives, hopefully resulting in a surge of EV adoption throughout the continent.”

Calum Stacey, Legal Director in Shoosmiths’ Energy and Infrastructure Team said:

“The index highlights the differing approaches taken by European countries and how they wish to incentivise the transition to zero-emission vehicles.

“One of the key drivers for those countries towards the top of the Index is the allocation of public funds to support the rollout of the necessary charging infrastructure to support this transition. However, as can be seen in both Germany and the UK, the public funding model is likely to be time-limited with the private sector needing to step in once a critical mass in relation to EV adoption has been reached.”


A range of indicators, subject to differing weightings, have been utilised in the production of this index. They are listed as follows without regard to importance or weighted value:

  • Committed government funding
  • National EV sales targets
  • National EV charge-point implementation targets
  • Support for ICE vehicle rollback or ban
  • Available investment subsidies, funds, and tax benefits for EVs and EV charge-points
  • Available purchase subsidies, funds, and tax benefits for EVs and EV charge-points
  • Ability to conduct business
  • Rate of inflation
  • Market share of BEVs
  • Year-on-year growth of BEV sales
  • Wholesale cost of electricity scaled to GDP

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