NUCLEAR waste is an interminable curse that eternally haunts the future of civilisation for hundreds, and even thousands, of years.
The challenge of making nuclear power safer doesn’t end after the power has been generated. Nuclear fuel remains dangerously radioactive for thousands of years after it is no longer useful in a commercial reactor.
There are 440 nuclear power plants in the world, all of which use nuclear fission, prompting one simple question: is the process of generating heat via nuclear fission with a byproduct of extremely toxic radioactive waste lasting hundreds, or more, years for purposes of simply ‘boiling water’ the epitome of human stupidity?
In April 2021, the Japanese government announced its decision to discharge nuclear waste from the Fukushima Daiichi Power Plant into the Pacific Ocean via a sub-seabed pipeline. At least 1.2 million tonnes of tritium-laced toxic water will be discharged.
As it happens, nuclear powers of the world regularly dump nuclear waste into the ocean in violation of the London Convention (1972) and the London Protocol (1996), which are the two principal international agreements against dumping nuclear waste into the oceans. But, they get around the rules by dumping under the cover of ‘detailed environmental impact assessments.’
The last known ‘deliberate nuclear waste dumping into the ocean,’ outside of the ‘good graces’ of what the industry refers to as ‘detailed environmental impact assessments’ that somehow (questionably, mysteriously, are you kidding me!) seem to justify dumping toxic nuclear waste was October 1993 when the Russian navy illegally dumped 900 tonnes of nuclear waste into international waters off the coast of Vladivostok near Japan and Korea. Moscow claimed they were running out of storage space and that ‘radioactive waste is not hazardous and the dumping would be according to international norms.’ Sounds familiar?
In 1993, Japan called the Russian dumping ‘extremely regrettable.’ Yet, at the time, the Tokyo Electric Power Company was itself discharging radioactivity into the ocean. At the time, Japanese power stations were allowed to dump nuclear waste into the ocean based upon ‘detailed environmental impact assessments.’
Jinzaburo Takagi, a physicist working with the Citizens’ Nuclear Information Centre in Tokyo, says: ‘If the Russians had done an impact assessment for their dumping, it would have proved safer than the Japanese power plants.’ He says local authorities in Japan have measured elevated levels of radionuclides in shellfish and seaweed near the nuclear plants. If the Japanese criticise Russian dumping, says Takagi, ‘then they will have to abandon the option of dumping nuclear waste.’
The above-mentioned series of conflicting events surrounding the disposal of nuclear waste brings to mind the complexity and hypocrisy that run throughout the nuclear industry. It stems from the hideous fact that the industry does not know what to do with radioactive waste, which is the most toxic material on the face of the planet; they do make up weird excuses and protocols to actually dump the toxic material into international waters. Not only that, but, as mentioned in the quoted article above, ‘local authorities in Japan have measured elevated levels of radionuclides in shellfish and seaweed near the nuclear plants.’ That’s a prime example of human insanity at work. And, that was 30 years ago, but it’s a safe bet that it’s the same today.
The bitter truth is that the citizens of the world are stuck with nuclear power and its offbeat craziness and its horrific potential destructiveness because the major powers have it and want to keep it.
Greenpeace has experts with ‘boots-on-the-ground’ at Fukushima since the beginning. Here’s Greenpeace’s take on the situation, as of recent:
‘There are many technical and radiological reasons to be opposed to discharging the Fukushima waste water into the Pacific Ocean. And Greenpeace East Asia has reported on these and continues to investigate. But the decision also affects you on a fundamental level. It should rightly trigger an outrage. In the 21st century, when the world’s oceans are already under the most severe threats including the climate and biodiversity emergencies, a decision by any government to deliberately contaminate the Pacific with radioactivity because it’s the least cost/cheapest option when there are clear alternatives seems so perverse. That it is Japan, given its historical role in securing the prohibition on nuclear dumping in the London Convention and London Protocol, makes it all the more tragic.’
Further to the point of the future impact of dumping toxic radioactive water from TEPCO’s storage water tanks into the Pacific Ocean: Tsinghua University analysed the diffusion process of the treated Fukushima contaminated water to be discharged into the ocean from 2023 onward. The results show that the tritium, which is the main pollutant, will spread to the whole of the North Pacific in 1,200 days.
The Tsinghua University analysis went on to discuss the risks, stating:
‘Large amounts of radionuclides can affect marine biological chains and adversely influence marine fisheries and human health. The global effects of Fukushima discharge, which will last 30 to 40 years, remain unknown.’
As stated by Tsinghua, the pollutants will reach as far as the coast of North America to the east and as far as Australia to the south. Eventually, the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean, in 2,400 days, will be affected. Around day 3,600 the pollutants will cover almost the entire Pacific Ocean.
According to a UN news release in April 2021:
‘Three independent UN human rights experts expressed deep regret over Japan’s decision to discharge potentially still radioactive Fukushima nuclear plant water into the ocean, warning that it could impact millions across the Pacific region.’
The experts call the decision by Japan ‘very concerning.’ Moreover, according to the United Nations:
‘While Japan said that the tritium levels are very low and do not pose a threat to human health, scientists warn that in the water, the isotope organically binds to other molecules, moving up the food chain affecting plants and fish and humans.’
Moreover, they say the radioactive hazards of tritium have been underestimated and could pose risks to humans and the environment for over 100 years.